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Het ontwerp van een product voor het opvangen van 24-uurs urine

Materman, M.J. (2017) Het ontwerp van een product voor het opvangen van 24-uurs urine.

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Abstract:The University Medical Center Groningen is one of the most progressive hospitals in renal research. The kidneys produce urine which will be expelled by the human body. Several diseases can be identified by means of urine analysis. Therefore, it is of great importance that urine analysis is of high quality. The concentration of molecules and bacteria in urine has a large diversity during the day. For that reason, it is important that all the urine produced during the 24-hour collection will be stored. Nowadays the collected urine is stored in a 24-hour urine container. This is a large container of three liter in which people must urinate every time they need to go to the toilet. It has been proven that there are several problems with current 24-hour urine collection. These problems are caused by insufficiency of the 24-hour urine container. The current 24-hour urine container has a leaking closure and is not directly usable for women. For the patient, it is of great importance that urine analyses and subsequently, the drawn conclusions and diagnoses based on these urine analyses are reliable. For this reason, it was a great necessity for the University Medical Center Groningen that a new 24-hour urine storage will be designed which solves the problems of the current 24-hour urine container. The research question was: “How can a 24-hour urine storage be designed so that it is directly usable for women as well as for men and both at home and in other environments and in a way that the material of the product will not influence the urine?” To get a clear overview of all the problems with the current 24-hour urine container two preliminary reports were used (Blom, 2016; Ijsseldijk et al., 2016). After the problems were clearly identified, the target group, stigmas and current market were analyzed. The research of the design process towards a 24-hour urine storage followed a user-centered approach. The model of Lamb and Kallal (Stokes & Black, 2012) has been used. This model first analyses the target group and its culture. Which leads to functional, aesthetic and expressive needs. The main requirements for a new design were that the design should have the opportunity to be used by women, that the closure is not leaking anymore, the material should be checked by the FDA and that the product can be used as well at home as In this research, a great diversity of ideas had been created and analyzed using different goals. The goals were: ‘deduct shame, deduct physical exertion, urine storage as effective as possible, adjust the current product to a well working product.’ The three best ideas were elaborated to concepts (see figure 2). The concept ‘Subtoilet’ takes away physical exertion because it is possible to sit on the toilet. The concept ‘Urinemap’ deducts shame because it is flat and fits in a folder. The concept ‘Ladies First’ is a well working adjustment of the current 24-hour urine container. These concepts were presented to the users and prototypes were made and tested. The results show that concept ‘Ladies First’ works the best. Most of the participants of the interview chose the concept ‘Ladies First’ as their favorite.Ladies first is a container of three liter, where a few improvements made a large difference in ease of use (See figure 3). The new product is made of HDPE and will be produced using blow molding, it is cheap, easy for the user, has a good ergonomic handle (Patkin, 2001), has a special funnel for women and it is 100% leakage proof. Besides that, it is blue colored instead of amber because blue reduces stigmas this context. This means that the problems with the current product are solved in the new product. The research question was: “How can a 24-hour urine storage be designed so that it is directly usable for women as well as for men and both at home and in other environments and in a way that the material of the product will not influence the urine?” This question was solved by designing a container that has a funnel that makes use for women possible, a large handle, light weight and a leakage proof cap so that it is easy to use outside and the material is non-reacting and FDA checked. The new product is an achievable product usable for the whole target group.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Subject:20 art studies
Programme:Industrial Design BSc (56955)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/73856
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