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The Stimulation of Critical Thinking of Students through Deliberate Practice in Educational Institutions

Bulthuis, K. (2017) The Stimulation of Critical Thinking of Students through Deliberate Practice in Educational Institutions.

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Abstract:Today’s economy shows a gap between the offered skills in education and the demands of the labour market. Within this gap, a new problem is established: current higher education is not convenient for the future labour market. Instead of focussing on traditional skills (e.g. writing and mathematics), educational institutions have to shift their attention to the 21st century skills. The present study examines critical thinking as one of the ten described 21st century skills, because of its importance in daily life and complex problem solving. Developing critical thinking, requires engagement in continuous learning(CL). Although deliberate practice(DP) is often used on the workplace for establishing CL, further research was needed on the implementation of DP in education. This mixed method research examined how the development of students’ critical thinking can be stimulated through DP that students in the treatment group did not statistically benefit from the blog intervention in comparison to the control group. In this regard, research found motivation and teacher support to be essential in enhancing critical thinking. Motivation can be enhanced through competition-based aspects in assignments, clear goals, and a safe learning environment. Future research should focus on long term examination for beneficial results of the intervention and a more sophisticated definition of critical thinking.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/74277
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