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Gaming in rehabilitation : using a game to motivate patients in rehabilitation to use an online rehabilitation portal

Hobert, E.A.M. (2017) Gaming in rehabilitation : using a game to motivate patients in rehabilitation to use an online rehabilitation portal.

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Abstract:Patients rehabilitating from non-congenital brain damage (NCBD) or a chronic lung condition (CLC) at Roessingh Rehabilitation Centre are using a portal to exercise at home. To increase the motivation of patients to use the portal, a game called ‘Shipwrecked’ is added to the portal. This study aims to examine how the use of a gamified portal influences the motivation of NCBD patients and CLC patients towards the use of their online rehabilitation portal. Five NCBD patients and five CLC patients were included. Motivation was measured using a questionnaire based on the Self-Determination Theory, before and after using ‘Shipwrecked’ for two weeks. Patient profiles were created using autonomy, relatedness and competence, to examine which part of ‘Shipwrecked’ is responsible for the motivational changes. The results show that extrinsic motivation increases amongst NCBD patients while intrinsic motivation decreases. CLC patients were not influenced by ‘Shipwrecked’. The patient profiles show that NCBD patients score 6% lower on competence. Combining motivational and patient profiles showed that when autonomy and competence are low (≤50%), patients scored higher on extrinsic motivation. Concluding, the use of ‘Shipwrecked’ is a useful addition to increase the use of the rehabilitation portal amongst NCBD patients. The increase is mostly seen by patients with low autonomy and competence and caused by the increase in introjected regulation. The game is not useful for CLC patients.
Item Type:Essay
Faculty:TNW: Science and Technology
Subject:70 social sciences in general
Programme:Health Sciences MSc (60022)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/74298
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