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The Integration of Circular Economy into the Municipal Solid Waste Management of Kathmandu Metropolitan City in Nepal : Present Sector Challenges & Opportunities for Waste Material (Re)Utilization

Shrestha, Zubin (2018) The Integration of Circular Economy into the Municipal Solid Waste Management of Kathmandu Metropolitan City in Nepal : Present Sector Challenges & Opportunities for Waste Material (Re)Utilization.

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Abstract:The issue of solid waste generation and its effective management is one that is faced universally by society throughout the planet. With the inevitable increasing levels of urbanization and population growth, amplifying rates of solid waste and its appropriate management has become a significant challenge faced by communities, mainly in municipalities within developing countries. Inadequate management and disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW) leads to several types of pollution (i.e. air, water, soil) and is detrimental to both the environment and the health of all lifeforms present within it. In the municipality of Kathmandu in Nepal, which will be focused as the case region for this research project, effective management of solid waste is extremely difficult to achieve, due to a number of reasons including societal, economic, and technical restrictions, that will be discussed in the research project. The concept of circularity regarding waste management aims to improve existing incapable systems and practices employed by both private and public sectors in society, eliminating waste generation through the retention of the value of materials throughout their specific life cycles and post-utilization of recognized valuable discharged material. The present research explores the possibility of integrating circular strategies concerning solid waste management (SWM) in the context of Kathmandu Metropolitan City from observing current practices in the municipality, identifying challenges and inadequacies faced by the system in place, and exploring an appropriate framework for the possible integration of Circular Economy (CE) within the waste management sector of the municipality. As the concept of CE is fundamentally built with the three pillars of sustainability in mind, which include the environmental, economic, and social aspects within society, this paper will analyze current practices and challenges regarding SWM in Kathmandu and base any recommendations for possible CE integration with impacts on the three aspects central to the research.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77393
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