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Effectiveness of the Environmental Impact Assessment as a Decision-making Tool for Water-Related Projects in Uganda

Lubega, Simon (2016) Effectiveness of the Environmental Impact Assessment as a Decision-making Tool for Water-Related Projects in Uganda.

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Abstract:This thesis presents the evaluation of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process with specific reference to the water-related projects in Uganda. Data was gathered through document reviews and expert interviews based on an assessment criteria adopted from similar previous studies. The criteria were customised to suit the objectives of the study for assessing procedural effectiveness within the EIA system of Uganda. According to the results of the evaluation, it was revealed that strong EIA structures exist on paper in form of laws and regulations to enable an effective EIA process within the Ugandan water sector. However, the poor implementation of such provisions limits the effectiveness in practice. Factors including poor implementation of policies and legal frameworks, low levels of awareness, weak inter-agency coordination, limited institutional resources capacity, corruption and political interference are among these. With such hindrances to effective EIA process in Uganda, recommendations including more commitment to the national EIA laws and regulations, strengthening compliance commitments and emphasis on project monitoring, increase EIA awareness among EIA institutions and the general public, strengthen inter-agency coordination as well as additional EIA quality control mechanisms and capacity building for EIA expertise. With the above recommendations sustained, the Ugandan EIA process can effectively improve its environmental governance systems and resource sustainability.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77439
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