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Fostering Climate Resilience in Cities: An analysis of adaptive policy strategies to mitigate urban flooding by utilizing multifunctional systems

Dawo, H.L.A. (2017) Fostering Climate Resilience in Cities: An analysis of adaptive policy strategies to mitigate urban flooding by utilizing multifunctional systems.

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Abstract:The climatic changes due to global warming include unpredictable and torrential precipitation. This has made cities built in delta and coastal areas more vulnerable to floods. There are various technological solutions to mitigate against urban flooding. These solutions are broadly categorized as retention or pumping options. The decision on which technology to employ and to what extent, requires cooperation between stakeholders with varied motivations, cognitions, resources and power. In instances where actors, resources and strategies are able to merge and result in sustainable policy, boundary spanning through linkages has taken place. This research investigated how adaptive policy strategies can enhance flood mitigation activities that employ multifunctional methods such as ecosystem services. The study gives an analysis of the influence of policy on effective use of multifunctional opportunities availed by flood waters in urban areas. The research used comparative case study method to elucidate boundary spanning activities in five cities: Dordrecht and Rotterdam from The Netherlands, Nairobi and Kisumu from Kenya and Hoboken from New Jersey, USA. The results showed that multifunctional mitigation strategies were applied in cities although not focused on the use of ecosystem services from flood water. In addition, the study found that cities that were able to span policy, actor and temporal boundaries were more likely to implement multifunctional strategies. Further, these cities were able to broaden their problem definition to include safety consideration in the event of a flood. The research recommends that cities re-evaluate their boundary judgments so as to identify opportunities and foster resilience. Learnings from the study can be applied to cities wit h similar characteristics to those in the case-studies.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77500
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