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Governing the irrigation water in Ethiopia: Case study of Shelle village, Arbaminch Zuria Woreda

Duguma, I.J. (2017) Governing the irrigation water in Ethiopia: Case study of Shelle village, Arbaminch Zuria Woreda.

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Abstract:This case study is about irrigation water management practices in Shelle village, Arbaminch Zuria Woreda, Southern Nations Nationalities and People Region (SNNPR) of Ethiopia. The study focuses on the actual situation in the water governance system of the village. The reason to assess this situation is that within the allocation of water in this area rivalries are detected, people that operate farms for crop production experience problems with allocation of irrigation water (irrigation water schedule), this resulted in conflict among water users. These issues are predominantly caused by the system of water governance that is in use in this area, and thus that shortages are not inherent to the water system. In order to investigate the issues and the governance system, the deductive approach in Contextual Interaction Theory (CIT) (Bressers, 2009) is applied by which the wider context of water governance problems in the village is described and analyzed. The theory also discusses in detail the structural context of the governance system which helps to assess the influence of the institutional context on the policy and decision-making in the area. The structural context includes five dimensions of governance, also referred to as elements. Next to the CIT also the governance assessment tool (GAT) (Bressers et al, 2013) was used. The tool has five governance dimensions (levels and scales, actors and networks, perspectives and goal ambitions, strategies and instruments, responsibilities and resources) and four governance quality criteria (extent, coherence, flexibility and intensity). Applying this tool enabled to assess the quality of water governance system in the village. There are a set of both descriptive and evaluative questions which were answered in this tool that in turn contributed to answer the research questions. The study identified water sources available to the village, the water resources that have been used for irrigation purposes in crop production. In the same line, strategies and instruments used to solve problems (challenges) were analyzed. In addition, the identification of actors and their roles, the way they were practicing their power and resources were studied. Finally the resource allocation by the management body to take action in the management system and serving crop production was covered. All in all, after revealing problems of water governance system of the village, recommendation was given to the administration of the village so that they can improve their water governance system.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77504
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