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Development of a classification instrument to allocate federal funding available for sanitation improvement in the cities under fifty thousand people in Ceará, Brazil

Garcia, D.P. (2018) Development of a classification instrument to allocate federal funding available for sanitation improvement in the cities under fifty thousand people in Ceará, Brazil.

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Abstract:The objective of this study is the development of an instrument for classification and ranking of sanitation systems of municipalities in the State of Ceará in Brazil. Such an instrument improves the allocation of resources over municipalities that applied for funding to the Brazilian National Health Foundation. The research thus focuses upon the sanitary conditions in the Municipalities of the State of Ceará in Brazil. The concept sanitation refers to the collection, disposal and treatment of wastewater and solid waste as well as supply of potable water and urban drainage. The current approach adopted by The Brazilian National Health Foundation uses the ‘Municipal Human Development Index’ as instrument to prioritize which municipality will firstly receive budget. Unfortunately, this index does not account for technical parameters and performances of sanitation systems. This study started with literature review into the state of affairs in Brazil, the State of Ceará in Brazil and municipalities and elaborating literature with regard to core concepts and approached to classify and rank sanitation systems. The methodology used to develop a classification instrument consists of three major steps: study of situation, data analysis and research validation. The study of situation aims at gathering knowledge on how reports define the sanitation systems and extract the variables into a data matrix. The Brazilian National Health Foundation provided ten diagnosis reports to enable this work package. Data analysis is instrumental to pushing the needed classifications in a two-step approach: macro classification (overall view of the systems) and micro classification (detailed assessment of the sanitation systems). Both classifications are the basis for the development of the instrument. Research validation refers to crossing-reference techniques used to evaluate whether the instrument is valid. Upon the complete creation of the classification instrument, testing was done, first applying it on the same ten municipalities. Once completed, a comparison between the current practice using the Human Development Index and the outputted raking from the instrument is done. Moreover, through this testing, the study is capable to collect data on what is measured as strengths and weaknesses and provide a range of recommendations to improve reporting techniques as well as to betterment of the classification instrument.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77515
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