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Real-World Versus Laboratory Risk-Taking Behavior among Children and Adolescents

Ruiter, M. de (2019) Real-World Versus Laboratory Risk-Taking Behavior among Children and Adolescents.

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Abstract:Although youth risk behavior is widely studied, the reason why adolescents usually take more risks in real-life than children is not yet fully understood. This study explored the importance of sensation seeking and “risk opportunity” as explaining factors in risk-taking among children aged between 10 and 12 (N = 82) and adolescents between 16 to 23 (N = 68). It was examined whether risk opportunity moderated the relationship between sensation seeking and the intake of energy drinks and whether risk opportunity on the Columbia Card Task (CCT) moderated the relationship between age group (e.g. children and adolescents) and risk-taking on the CCT. A questionnaire measuring energy drink usage, physical opportunity to obtain and drink these beverages and sensation seeking was used. For the second research question, risk opportunity was manipulated, resulting in two conditions, namely a ‘risky’ and a ‘sure/safe’ condition. The analysis consisted of a factorial ANOVA with interaction effects. There was no significant relationship between sensation seeking and the intake of energy drinks (p = .159), nor was risk opportunity moderating in this relationship among adolescents (p = .329) and children (p = .617). Furthermore, there was no significant relationship between age and risk taking on the CCT, nor did risk opportunity appear to moderate in this relationship (p = .417). Future research is advised to further explore the potential role of risk opportunity and re-test it among a wider variety of youths and by reconsidering the most effective way to manipulate the risk opportunity aspect.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:70 social sciences in general
Programme:Psychology BSc (56604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/78390
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