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Influence of personality traits and emotional content on the sense of presence in a VR apllication

olde Heuvel, K. (2019) Influence of personality traits and emotional content on the sense of presence in a VR apllication.

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Abstract:Virtual Reality (VR) could be a promising medium in education. It is proven to be effective in training and higher education. Sense of presence, the sense of being captivated in the virtual environment, is an important aspect of an effective VR training. People can experience different levels of sense of presence when exposed to the same mediated environment. This difference could be attributed to user characteristics as well as the characteristics of the VR environment. The current study examined whether emotional content and individual differences could influence the extent of sense of presence in a VR environment. A mixed-method study, with a quasi-experimental within-subjects design, gave insight in the relation between the experienced sense of presence when exposed to negative or positive emotional content and whether this relationship could be moderated by the personality traits Neuroticism, Extraversion and Openness to Experience. Insights in the personality traits of the participants were gathered through an online questionnaire, even as the extent of sense of presence. A semi-structured interview gave insight into the overall experience of the VR experiment. Research main findings showed that there is a strong relation between sense of presence when exposed to negative emotional content and positive emotional content. However, results showed that the personality traits Neuroticism, Extraversion and Openness to Experience do not moderate this relation. The latter is presumably due to the type of mediated environment. These findings contribute in several ways to the understanding of the concept sense of presence and provide a basis for future research on the determinants that can influence sense of presence.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:50 technical science in general, 70 social sciences in general, 77 psychology, 81 education, teaching
Programme:Educational Science and Technology MSc (60023)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/79450
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