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Evaluation of Actors’ Interaction in Indonesia-Netherlands WASH Programme

Wijaya, Saniar Rabithoh (2019) Evaluation of Actors’ Interaction in Indonesia-Netherlands WASH Programme.

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Abstract:In 2010, Indonesia announced its first national rural Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) programme, which aims to provide universal access to sanitation in the country by 2019. Several challenges, such as lacking human resources and funding, and the weak coordination among actors, obstruct the implementation of the WASH Programme. The WASH programme is not only about ‘government as the implementer and citizen as the target’, but other actors are involved as well, and their interactions are important in achieving success. In Indonesia-Netherlands WASH Programme, those actors are the Dutch Donor and the Dutch International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs). These actors have a complex interaction pattern, which has not been revealed clearly. At the same time, the development cooperation policy of the Dutch government in Indonesia is shifting from ‘aid’ to ‘aid and ‘trade’. This thesis assesses the interaction of the actors in the Indonesia-Netherlands WASH Programme using four criteria: the availability of resources, trust among actors, the quality of knowledge, and the willingness to collaborate. The results show that the current interaction pattern between the key actors of the Indonesia-Netherlands WASH programme contributes towards the achievement of universal access for water and sanitation in Indonesia. Two main recommendations are made to further improve the WASH programme. Firstly, the formalization of the authority of the national government as a platform to connect the development aid demand at the local level and the supply of aids from WASH partners (NGOs and donors) is needed. Secondly, the development of national policies, which encourage the local governments to commit to the WASH programme, is recommended. Several challenges, such as lacking human resources and funding, and the weak coordination among actors, obstruct the implementation of the WASH Programme. The WASH programme is not only about ‘government as the implementer and citizen as the target’, but other actors are involved as well, and their interactions are important in achieving success. In Indonesia-Netherlands WASH Programme, those actors are the Dutch Donor and the Dutch International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs). These actors have a complex interaction pattern, which has not been revealed clearly. At the same time, the development cooperation policy of the Dutch government in Indonesia is shifting from ‘aid’ to ‘aid and ‘trade’. This thesis assesses the interaction using four criteria: resources, trust, knowledge, and willingness. The current interaction pattern between the key actors of the Indonesia-Netherlands WASH programme contributes towards the achievement of universal access for water and sanitation in Indonesia. Two main recommendations are made to improve. Firstly, the formalization of the authority of the national government as a platform to connect the development aid demand and the supply of aids from WASH partners is needed. Secondly, the development of national policies, which encourage the local governments to commit to the WASH programme, is recommended.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/79554
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