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Effectiveness of positive psychology interventions on a reduction of mental health complaints and improving well-being in cancer survivors : a systematic review

Haase, E.S. (2020) Effectiveness of positive psychology interventions on a reduction of mental health complaints and improving well-being in cancer survivors : a systematic review.

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Abstract:A growing population with unmet needs are cancer survivors. Alone in the Netherlands over 800,000 individuals are cancer survivors with common symptoms being anxiety, depression, stress and low well-being. A promising approach to assisting adult cancer survivors in improving both the commonly experienced pathologies and enhancing well-being can be positive psychology. Positive psychology interventions aim to improve well-being by enhancing positive emotions, meaning or accomplishment to complement traditional, pathology-focused therapies. This systematic review aims to synthesize the evidence about the effectiveness of positive psychology interventions (PPI) for enhancing well-being and addressing common mental health problems in cancer survivors. The databases PubMed, Scopus, Web Of Science and PsycINFO were scanned for relevant literature. Of the 4487 studies 11 studies were included for reviewing. Most participants were breast cancer survivors and the applied therapies have overall improved depressive and anxious complaints while improving posttraumatic growth, mindfulness and improving quality of life. The most effective outcomes in this study are provided by Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). ACT has been shown to address depressive and anxious complaints while improving positive coping styles. This review shows that PPIs have been little studied with cancer survivors and more research is needed to validate the results.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:77 psychology
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/83175
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