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The EU as a Normative Power in the field of artificial intelligence? : Challenges and concepts in the governance and regulation of digital technologies using the example of the EU and its human-centred approach to AI.

Berge, Moritz Vor (2021) The EU as a Normative Power in the field of artificial intelligence? : Challenges and concepts in the governance and regulation of digital technologies using the example of the EU and its human-centred approach to AI.

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Abstract:Artificial intelligence (AI) is considered to trigger substantial socio-economic changes. It is thus well-established that the regulation and governance of this technology are crucial but challenging for policymakers and involved stakeholders. This thesis aims to determine the normativity of the European Union, with regard to its AI-strategy. Specifically, the Normative Power Europe theory is applied to the EU’s approach of promoting a human-centric approach to AI. In this context, “normativity” is defined alongside the normative intent, -process and -impact. To assess the EU as normative power in the field of AI, a latent qualitative content analysis was applied to a 38-item text- based dataset. The result showed that, albeit with some limitations, the EU’s approach and its execution can be considered as normative. The results suggest an alternative, human- centred AI-regime can be established, when using the EU’s normative approach as a blueprint. However, the thesis identified considerable flaws and inconsistencies in the overall AI-strategy, laid out by the EU, confirming the novelty of this regulatory approach.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:89 political science
Programme:European Studies MSc (69303)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/85658
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