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Urban green in Greater Paramaribo: Explorations of accessibility and social inequality

Buohemaa, Bernice Osei (2022) Urban green in Greater Paramaribo: Explorations of accessibility and social inequality.

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Abstract:Urban green spaces (UGS) provide many benefits to people, including providing shade, temperature and air quality regulation, and a place for social cohesion and recreation. These benefits help assuage the negative effects of urbanization and improve the living standards of people in today's urbanizing world. Research has been done on the distribution and accessibility to UGS, but these studies are concentrated in the Global North. Even though most studies compare UGS access throughout an area, the differences in access due to geographical and socio-economic factors have been overlooked. There has been recent research on the issue of social inequalities even though there has been little emphasis on cities in the Global South. This research examines inequalities in access to UGS based on socio-economic factors such as age, income, and ethnicity in Greater Paramaribo, Suriname a country in the Global South. This study classified the types of UGS using a visual interpretation based on aerial images and looking at the distribution of the UGS types. Using network analysis, the accessibility to UGS was then done using the sizes of UGS and different modes of transportation. To assess the level of social inequality this research used the Gini coefficient and the Pearson correlation. The results show there is more variation of the types of UGS available in the central part of the Greater Paramaribo Region than in the outskirts. Results also indicate that the socio-economic group with the highest access is the Javanese followed by the Hindustani ethnic group. The Creoles have the least access to UGS in the Greater Paramaribo Region followed by the Natives ethnic group. The elderly, and children in the Greater Paramaribo Region have good access to UGS and income does not affect accessibility. It is recommended that there should be a concentrated effort to increase UGS in disadvantaged ressorts to alleviate the negative impacts of lack of UGS.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Subject:43 environmental science, 74 (human) geography, cartography, town and country planning, demography, 76 recreation, leisure
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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