University of Twente Student Theses


Evaluating the sustainability of a technology by performing a supply chain analysis

Aleksandrov, A. (2022) Evaluating the sustainability of a technology by performing a supply chain analysis.

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Abstract:The present study is aimed at solving the problem of insufficient understanding of the sustainability performance of the Archimedean Drum Screen (ADS) biomass and plastic waste clean-up technology. To do so, a specifically tailored for this problem theoretical framework is developed and a deductive research approach, relying on a mix of qualitative and quantitative data collection methods is embraced. Firstly, a systematic literature review sets the context by providing guidelines on how to measure sustainability and by operationalizing the concept through the triple bottom line perspective. Secondly, comprehensive criteria of 12 key performance indicators meant to collectively encompass supply chain sustainability is formulated. Thirdly, to ensure sufficient scope of analysis, three different supply chain scenarios for handling the biomass and plastic waste from the ADS are constructed, quantified, and evaluated. A commonality between all scenarios is the assumed Power Plant and ADS industrial symbiosis, established as the most suitable technology integration strategy. Ultimately, although none of the supply chain scenario scores sufficiently high across all sustainability dimensions to posit that the ADS is holistically sustainable, the most promising scenario is waste pelletizing – characterized by comparatively lower CO2 emissions, complete (100%) waste reuse and strong commercial competitiveness on the economic front.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science, 58 process technology
Programme:Industrial Engineering and Management BSc (56994)
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