University of Twente Student Theses


Zo gaat het bij ons thuis : een onderzoek naar de determinanten van opvoedgedrag

Resink, M.J. (2007) Zo gaat het bij ons thuis : een onderzoek naar de determinanten van opvoedgedrag.

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Abstract:Until now many studies have focused on different dimensions of parenting and the consequences of the development of the child. However much less attention has been devoted to studying why parents parent the way they do. Therefore this study tries to create a clear view of the aspects that influence parenting. Belsky’s model of parenting (1984) will be used as a starting point. This study will make use of the following determinants: child’s temperament, mother’s personality, parenting stress, daily hassles and spousal support. The following three dimensions of parenting, which from literature appear to be the most effective for child’s development, will be studied: warmth and involvement, reasoning and democratic participation. The empirical research was conducted by an online survey from which most questions are based on existing scales. In total, 321 Dutch mothers who raise a child in between the age of three to eight years, participated this study. Results indicate that the child’s temperamental characteristics extraversion and negative emotionality do not correlate with the three parenting dimensions. Contrarily child’s conscientiousness do correlate with the parenting behavior. Mother’s personality shows little relation with parenting, whilst parenting stress, daily hassles and spousal support show a larger correlation with the three parenting dimensions.Mediation analyses indicate that daily hassles mediate the relation between mother’s personality (neuroticism and conscientiousness) and parenting entirely. Parenting stress only mediates the relation between mother’s neuroticism and warmth/involvement entirely. None of the adjusted variances of the three parenting dimensions are explained by the interaction between mother and child. One unique interaction is found, namely the interaction between mother’s neuroticism and child’s conscientiousness. Structural equation modeling in LISREL indicates that the research model fits the data. With the use of explorative models, other plausible and rival models were tested. The results and limitations of the study are discussed, as well as implications for future research and implications for governmental youth policy.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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