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How experts reason during modeling ill-defined task : an exloratory study

Broek, T.A. van den (2007) How experts reason during modeling ill-defined task : an exloratory study.

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Abstract:This study investigates the reasoning processes of experts while modeling a case in the domain of management science. Five experts in human resource management and five novices participated in this study. They produced an external representation of a HRM case, while verbalizing their thoughts. The resulting protocols were segmented and coded with a scheme based on descriptive theories of reasoning activities during inquiry modeling. The findings show that experts spent more time on orientation and used more experiential and conceptual domain knowledge during the entire modeling process. Furthermore, experts generated more hypotheses and separated the hypothesis generation from the modeling implementation. The results implicate that instruction on modeling an ill-defined task needs to enhance the learner to use prior knowledge by scaffolding. In addition, an environment for modeling ill-defined tasks needs a representational system, which can handle the interpretative nature of such tasks.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:05 communication studies
Programme:Psychology MSc (66604)
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