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Haperende inburgering: Een onderzoek naar de invloed van inburgeringsbeleid op de instroom in inburgeringstrajecten

Schapink, Erik (2010) Haperende inburgering: Een onderzoek naar de invloed van inburgeringsbeleid op de instroom in inburgeringstrajecten.

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Abstract:A research into ‘inburgerings’ policies of Dutch municipalities. ‘Inburgering’ In the year 2007 the Dutch government decided that a new law on inburgering should be enacted. Inburgering means that citizens who aren’t originally from the Netherlands should learn the Dutch language and that they should learn something about Dutch society so that they are able to participate better in Dutch society. The new law (the Wet Inburgering 2007) gave order to Dutch municipalities to inform/reach, facilitate and force inburgeraars to fulfill their obligations. The municipalities were allowed to make their own policy to fulfill the tasks given to them in the new law. They were given a certain amount of freedom. As a consequence different ‘inburgerings’ policies were created by the different municipalities in the Netherlands. Instrument-theory This research compares the different policies that were used by municipalities to fulfill the tasks out of the Wet Inburgering. To be able to investigate the tasks of municipalities in the Wet Inburgering (inform, facilitate and force) theoratically, they were associated with the instrument-theory (Klok 1991, Van den Heuvel 1998). This theory tells that there are communicative, economic and jurisdictional instruments to influent groups of people. The municipality task to inform ‘inburgeraars’ is attached to communicative instruments, the tasks to facilitate and to force inburgeraars to fulfill their obligations are attached to economic instruments. The instrument-theory also states that the different instruments can be divided in stimulating instruments and repressive instruments. This statement is also applied at the policies that municipalities have used to fulfill their tasks out of the Wet Inburgering. Another part of the instrumenttheory has been used to show how instruments used by municipalities have affected the process (of choice) and the eventual results of the instruments used by municipalities. Methodology To investigate the policy of municipalities the researcher used case-studies and questionnaires. In the case-studies the researcher held interviews with policymakers at the municipality of Utrecht and the municipality of Enschede. The researcher also held an interview with a manager of a school that gives inburgeringscourses to inburgeraars. The case-studies were held to get clear what questions exactly should be asked in the questionnaires. The questionnaire for municipalities has been sent to 100 municipalities in the Netherlands. All kind of municipalities (from big to small) were part of the sample. To get a higher response-rate the researcher has phoned a contact-person at the municipalities. The researcher has made these phone-calls in advance the questionnaires were sent, so that the contact-persons were already informed when they received the questionnaires. 6 Findings and conclusions The researcher wanted to know what kind of policy of municipalities was most effective to get inburgeraars to participate in an inburgeringscourse. For each municipality the relation between the different tasks of municipalities out of the ‘Wet Inburgering’ and the percentage of inburgeraars on the one hand and satisfaction of employees of municipalities on the other hand were investigated. The results of the research were that most of relations didn’t show any significant outcomes. The main reason for this outcome is, according to the researcher, that respondents didn’t fill in the numbers of ‘inburgeraars’ in their municipalities on the question form. The researcher was, given this fact, unable to conclude if communicative, economic or jurisdictional instruments were more effective to motivate ‘inburgeraars’ to participate in an inburgeringscourse.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
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Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
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