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Improving Long QT Syndrome diagnosis using machine learning on ECG characteristics

Stoks, J. (2018) Improving Long QT Syndrome diagnosis using machine learning on ECG characteristics.

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Abstract:Introduction: Congenital long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a genetic disorder affecting cardiac ion channels which leads to an increased risk of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death [1]. Diagnosing LQTS remains challenging because of a considerable overlap of the QT-interval between LQTS patients and healthy controls [2]. Analysis of T-wave morphology has shown to be of discriminative value to diagnose LQTS [3–6]. An objective diagnostic tool that includes T-wave morphology might further improve LQTS diagnosis. Methods: and results A retrospective study was performed on 699 standard ECGs recorded from patients with LQT1, LQT2 and LQT3 and genotype-negative relatives. T-wave morphology parameters and subject characteristics were used as inputs to three machine learning models: logistic regression, bagged random forest and support vector machine. The final best performing support vector machine showed an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.886, with a maximal sensitivity and specificity of 80% and 84.8%. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) of a similarly trained model using only QTc values, age and gender as inputs, showed an AUC of 0.823, with a maximal sensitivity and specificity of 70.7% and 80%, respectively, to diagnose LQTS. Conclusion: The proposed model resulted in a major rise in sensitivity and a minor rise in specificity compared to the current situation and therefore leads to a decrease in LQTS underdiagnosis. External validation, however, is still necessary to confirm these results.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Clients:
MUMC+, Maastricht, The Netherlands
AMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Faculty:TNW: Science and Technology
Subject:44 medicine, 50 technical science in general
Programme:Technical Medicine MSc (60033)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/74982
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