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A contextual transit-oriented development typology of Beijing metro station areas

Li, Yu (2020) A contextual transit-oriented development typology of Beijing metro station areas.

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Abstract:With the development of urbanization, more and more people live in cities and enjoy a convenient and comfortable life. But at the same time, it caused many issues such as informal settlement, air pollution and traffic congestions, which are both affecting residents and stressing the environment. To achieve intensive and diverse social activities, the demand for transportation also increased, the proportion of cars travelling is getting higher and higher. However, the trend of relying too much on private cars has caused traffic congestion, lack of parking spaces and other issues, which is against the goal of sustainable development. Transit-oriented development (TOD) aims to integrate the development of land use and transportation, which has been seen as a strategy to address some issues caused by urbanization. It aims to create an environment friendly to pedestrians and cyclists, and encourage a high-mix land use around the transit stations. To measure the existing TOD around the stations, analysis on TOD typology has been aroused great interest rather than ranking a simple TOD index. It groups the station areas with the same characteristics, which helps to know the real situation around the stations and inform the policymaking. Beijing, the capital city of China, has also increased on population and such these issues. As the important corridors of commuting in people’s daily life, the metro network is being planned and constructed with an emphasis in Beijing. Because of the disintegration of urban development and metro system construction, it is important to find out how the TOD concept applies in Beijing and how to measure the existing TOD. At present, limited factors (e.g., passenger flow, the main land use, or whether the station is a transfer station) were considered in the analysis on the classification of the station areas in Beijing. Due to lack of a relevant guidance document, and several studies have been conducted on TOD typology analysis, this research aims to develop a TOD typology suited for Beijing metro station areas, 26 station areas along metro Line 6 were measured in 2015 and 2020. Based on the planning objectives on TOD and other related planning aspects to find out what is TOD in the context of Beijing. Then, by holding the semi-structured expert interview and going around the metro stations to have a better understanding on the policies and the existing situation in Beijing, and also helped to formulate a set of indicators to describe the characteristics of metro station areas. After that, a node-place model was used to identify the TOD typology. Besides, a sunburst chart was used to visualize the results, which is better to compare the different station areas on each indicator and dimension. Lastly, in order to have an insight into how these station areas changed over time, the data set in 2015 was also applied to the model. The results show the 5 classes of the metro station areas, which are stress, balance, dependence, unsustained node and unsustained place. The change analysis shows although most of the station areas are developing towards balance, there are several station areas with a deviating development. This method effectively measures the current TOD of metro station areas in Beijing. The changes reflect the implementation of the policy to a certain extent and can provide information for future policymaking.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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