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Community Policing Officers and Their Ability to Formulate a Problem-Oriented Policing Approach Towards Local Soft Drug Nuisance in Local Executive Safety Networks: A case study in the city of Enschede on the influence of network formalisation.

Landstra, Carmen (2021) Community Policing Officers and Their Ability to Formulate a Problem-Oriented Policing Approach Towards Local Soft Drug Nuisance in Local Executive Safety Networks: A case study in the city of Enschede on the influence of network formalisation.

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Abstract:In the Netherlands, the community policing officers are of great importance in the National Policing organisation. They are tasked with handling safety problems in their communities. In doing so, instead of incident-driven policing, a more preventive tactic is desired such as problem-oriented policing. Next to that, our society has become more and more networked over the years. This resulted within the practice of policing that the community policing officers find themselves more often in positions that require cooperation with other parties and organisations. They often do so in executive local safety networks if safety problems are complex and have a rather integral character. Although this preventive and networking strategy seems credible, according to community policing officers in practice this cooperation often encounters obstacles and problems. In this research it is studied to what extent network formalisation of the local executive safety networks affects the ability to formulate a problem-oriented approach by the community policing officers and in what ways. In order to explore this, a case study was conducted in the city of Enschede, studying the community policing officers that are engaged with executive local safety networks in combating the local drug nuisance. It should be noted that no uniform effect of network formalisation on the ability to formulate a problem-oriented policing approach was found, however this effect was more complex and situational per type of network formalisation and not all types of network formalisation are perceived as obstructive for the ability to come up with a problem-oriented approach. Next to that, a range of additional influencing factors have been proposed by the respondents that are listed in this research concerning policing organisation specific factors, network-specific factors and problem-specific factors. The research concludes with several policy recommendations that resulted from the insights of this research. These include recommendations with regard to knowledge on the problem-oriented policing approach, the benefits of covenants to facilitate the cooperation in the networks and for example the structuring of the coordination in the networks.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:Public Administration MSc (60020)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/88012
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