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The Effects of Rural Land Certification in Securing Land Rights: A Case of Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Belay, Assefa (2010) The Effects of Rural Land Certification in Securing Land Rights: A Case of Amhara Region, Ethiopia.

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Abstract:This study looks at the effects of rural land certification in securing land rights in Amhara region. It also looks the status of land improvement activities made by land holders after government certification program and extent and composition of disputes over land. It was based on secondary data collected from governmental organizations and a field survey carried out in five administrative kebeles of the Fagetalekoma wereda in Amhara region. Tenure security was low during the past regimes because of frequent land redistribution and this contributes a lot towards economic development and natural resource degradation in the region. Most of the existing rural economic and social situations of the region can be traced back as manifestations of tenure insecurity. However, in response to the insecurity problem the current government have been taken measures of rural land certification to increase tenure security by granting holding certificate as legal evidence. The findings of this study show that rural land certification has a positive effect in securing land rights of holders in general and in particular the incentive to improve land is also positive. In addition, the vulnerable group of the society especially women land rights are protected as a result of holding certificate and land related disputes are decreased. It is also observed that there are encouraging activities undertaken by the landholders to increase the fertility status of farm land and changing the environment by doing tree planting, terracing and applying manure. However, the current research finding reveals no significant relationship between certification and productivity of farm. Land degradation, access and price of inputs such as fertilizer, improved seeds and shortage of rainfall are main reasons accountable for the low productivity of farm land in the study area. In general, the findings of the study demonstrate that the feeling of land rights security is increasing through time. As well as the findings show that the government rural land certification interventions carried out to increase tenure security has been achieving its intended objectives and is effective in improving tenure security of landholders. Keywords: Land policy, Land administration, Land tenure, land rights, Land certification, certificate of holding and security of land rights.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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