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Resilience for the 2007 flood event, using community knowledge: A Case in Part of Sukoharjo Regency, Indonesia

Damayanti, Sinta (2011) Resilience for the 2007 flood event, using community knowledge: A Case in Part of Sukoharjo Regency, Indonesia.

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Abstract:Sukoharjo is one of the regencies in Central Java Province that has been frequently struck by flood in recent years. The location of this regency, in the middle of Bengawan Solo Basin, has made Sukoharjo prone to flood. The knowledge of the community affected by flood is important to be incorporated in flood risk assessment. Community resilience becomes an important factor in a disaster mitigation plan. Resilience relates to the ability to recover from a disaster and is for every person different. However, data and information related to community resilience is rare. For this reason, this research intends to assess community resilience for flood disaster. This research intends to assess local community resilience for flood disaster. It is also aimed to generate the 2007 flood event map based on the perception of the people. Primary data was collected through interviews to 80 respondents and focus group discussion (FGD) as well as participatory mapping. The study area was in desa Laban and desa Kadokan, which was struck by the 2007 flood event. The respondents were choosing randomly on those villages. Factors for quantifying community resilience were asked to respondent by giving questionnaire and interviewing them. While FGD was done in order to gain flood map based on community knowledge. Based on FGD result, the flood depth in both villages varies from 0 until 300 cm, while the duration of inundation varies from 1-7 days. Flood also caused losses, which the distribution of losses was Rp. 0 - 100,000,000,0. However generally the losses was bellow than Rp. 2,000,000,-. Resilience value of the respondent based on weighting result is distributed from 0.113 until 0.700. The average resilience value is desa Laban is 0.403, while desa Kadokan is 0.368. Most of the resilience value was influenced by human capital. Generally, people in both villages can continue their life normally although they are not completely recovered. Culture of Javanese people and religion factors influenced to community recovery in term of psychology. Moreover, in order to increase the community resilience, government has established flood control devices and rehabilitated the dike along Bengawan Solo and Samin river. Key words: Sukoharjo Regency, interviews, focus group discussion, participatory mapping, flood characteristics, community resilience.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
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