University of Twente Student Theses


Sustainability of the HVAC systems in the clinical operating room department

Groot, M.J.A. de (2022) Sustainability of the HVAC systems in the clinical operating room department.

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Abstract:The healthcare industry is one of the largest polluters. Heating, ventilation, and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems are responsible for approximately 30%-50% of the total energy use in hospitals. This cannot easily be reduced because hospitals must obey guidelines concerning air treatment in operating rooms. However, recent guidelines for air treatment might introduce new opportunities to decrease energy consumption. Operating rooms of class 1+ must obey the strictest requirements concerning air quality while operating rooms of class 1 must obey less strict requirements. Class 1 operating rooms, therefore, consume less energy as opposed to class 1+ operating rooms. However, surgeries concerning a joint replacement must be executed in class 1+ operating rooms according to the revised guideline. The changes in the revised guideline are researched, and two effective heuristics for surgery scheduling are proposed to minimize the maximum completion time using optimal job scheduling for the formulation of the single-stage scheduling problem. The heuristics schedule surgeries (jobs) on the two types of operating rooms (machines): Class 1+ and class 1. A Monte Carlo simulation is made to assess the effectiveness of the two heuristics. The most effective heuristic is selected accordingly and proposed to the Amsterdam UMC.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science, 50 technical science in general, 58 process technology
Programme:Industrial Engineering and Management BSc (56994)
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