University of Twente Student Theses


Analysis of land use conflict in Zanzibar: a participatory approach

Masore, Flavian Muhula (2011) Analysis of land use conflict in Zanzibar: a participatory approach.

[img] PDF
Abstract:Land use conflict in Zanzibar is the biggest challenge for the responsible authorities and the government due to existing of multiple and interacting driving forces that have led to the conflict. What were the fundamental drivers for the land use conflict? , is the main questions the study aimed to analyse. As an integrative framework analysis, the study applied participatory approach using a case study methodology which considers rich case information on different dimensions of land use conflict. Participatory approach using participatory mapping and PGIS combined with interviews, geo-coded transect walk, focus group discussion were used to elicit local knowledge on land use conflict and the drivers behind the land use conflict. The vertical aerial photograph of 1952, 1977, 2004 and Land sat Image TM of 2009 were used to delineate land use changes. The spatial and non-spatial data obtained facilitated the identification of conflict, conflicting area and spatial pattern of land use conflict and the drivers behind the land use conflict. The result from the study revealed that there is a rapid land use change in the area and that over the past 50 years local people have adopted new land uses coupled with new livelihood in response to changing demand in agriculture products, restrictive access to surveyed land and an emerging opportunities for alternative income through in–migration and tourism development. Five fundamental drivers of the existing land use conflict; demography factors, economic factors, policy and institutional factors, psychological factors and environmental factors were identified through the focus group discussion and stakeholder analysis and these drivers have been the cause of the three main types of land use conflicts in the area; conflict over water source encroachment, conflict over forest reserve encroachment and conflict of agricultural land conversion. The land use conflict is spatially distributed towards the forest reserve, water source conservation and in agricultural land because of incompatible interest and conflicting goals over the use of land by various stakeholders. The study confirm that participatory approach through p-mapping and PGIS is useful in capturing the spatial information embedded in people’s mind for analysing land use changes and the drivers that causes land use conflicts, however the study also recognise that participatory approaches in analysing land use conflict is a challenging process that can not be completely flawless. It requires very carefully planning, determination on the part of all stakeholders as well as highly skilled facilitator in ensuring that land use conflicts are addressed and analysed in a participatory manner. Key words: conflicts, participatory approaches, participatory mapping, participatory GIS, land use, land use conflict,
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:ITC: Faculty of Geo-information Science and Earth Observation
Programme:Geoinformation Science and Earth Observation MSc (75014)
Link to this item:
Export this item as:BibTeX
HTML Citation
Reference Manager


Repository Staff Only: item control page