University of Twente Student Theses


A methodology to monitor multiple Asphalt Paving and Compaction Machineries using UAV and implementing it in a road construction project

Belardo, G. (2022) A methodology to monitor multiple Asphalt Paving and Compaction Machineries using UAV and implementing it in a road construction project.

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Abstract:Roads are an essential part of the urban infrastructure. Their quality and durability directly influence the safety and economy of a country and the life of its’ population. During road construction there are a lot of aspects that influence the quality of an asphalt layer, temperature being one of the most prominent ones. If the asphalt layer becomes too cold, its consistency becomes too thick to compact, on the contrary if the layer is too hot, the asphalt will only get displaced instead of being compacted. The way the machineries are operated is one of the most important aspects to manage these fluctuations in temperatures and thus the quality of the final layer. The operators of these machineries often follow their own personal intuitions and knowledge they have gained in previous works. At times, not following a clear process for the paving operations can lead to a suboptimal quality of the asphalt layer. In 2016, Christiaan G. Arbeider, developed a plan that allows for a more consistent and uniform paving process. In his research he determined that it is as important to monitor the operations in real time. The technology that was used in his research, still used nowadays to monitor road construction operations, is based on GPS (Global Positioning system). This technology is not very efficient and presents a number of drawbacks, with the main one being the degree in inaccuracy. The research presented in this thesis, provides an alternative method which makes use of UAVs. The method was initially investigated by Shihao Sun in 2019, at the time a student at the University of Twente, who showed promising results. Its research, however, lacked the application of the method at a real construction site, and it didn’t have concrete results in the degree of accuracy that this method can provide. The research in this paper attempts to establish a clear framework for the implementation of this method, based on a real-life case study at a construction site. The research will also demonstrate how accurate this method is, and whether it is more suitable in terms of accuracy and precision than the more traditional method which makes use of GPS rovers.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Programme:Civil Engineering BSc (56952)
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