University of Twente Student Theses


Climate change and security nexus : analysing the European discourse from 2007 to 2022

Hansen, L. (2022) Climate change and security nexus : analysing the European discourse from 2007 to 2022.

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Abstract:Since the beginning of the twenty-first century, with a peak in 2007, climate change has been increasingly linked to security in politics and academia. As can be anticipated from this, there seems to be an agreement - at least in the western centred debate - that climate change is no longer only an environmental problem, economic concern, or an issue of justice, but has no shifted into the realm of security. The empirical literature provides mixed results on the nexus between climate change and security. Another strand of literature therefore approaches the issue through a more constructivist lens, using securitisation approaches. So far, however, this research mainly relies on a single concept of security or lacks theoretically based problematisation of how precisely various securitisation arise and produce various political outcomes. The aim of this thesis is to uncover the very distinct climate security discourses put forward to securitise the issue and to assess their different policy consequences. Drawing on Lucke's reconceptualisation of securitisation, based on Michel Foucault's governmentality approach and focusing on the European Union’s security and defence policy (CSDP), this thesis shows how climate change is securitised drawing on three different power forms that are nonetheless connected to each other. It is argued that this helps to understand the underlying processes of securitisation and to identify even possible problematic implications.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration
Programme:European Studies MSc (69303)
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