University of Twente Student Theses


I-Five : A platform to promote social interaction between developmental diverse children in team sports

Helmer, L.S. (2023) I-Five : A platform to promote social interaction between developmental diverse children in team sports.

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Abstract:Developmental Diverse Children (DDC) have a higher chance of becoming overweight or obese. One of the reasons for this is the lack of physical activity. Physical activity can have several benefits for DDC, such as sleep improvement and stress reduction. However, DDC can experience different barriers to engage in physical activity than their Typical Developing (TD) peers. One of these barriers is the social behaviour challenges that DDC experience, which is especially challenging in team sports. Interactive technology could be beneficial to help with these social challenges in team sports. Starting this thesis, the goal of the technology was to promote social interaction between DDC and their TD peers to make regular team sports more inclusive. During the design cycles, the goal of the technology was redefined based on the discovered information. The main objective of this thesis stayed the same, which is investigating the challenges and possible solutions that can be encountered when designing interaction technology for DDC in the context of physical activity. An iterative design approach was used to go through the five phases of the Design Thinking Process. By going through the five phases three times, challenges and possible solutions encountered were documented and compared to challenges found in the preliminary study. To guide the design process, a design space was created and adjusted throughout the design cycles. The research outcome and contributions include an overview of the challenges encountered and possible solutions, the design space, and a hi-fi prototype of the I-Five. Several challenges that were not found in the preliminary research were encountered during the design of the I-Five, such as the influence of the type of exercise when testing the prototype. The goal of the I-Five was redefined in every design cycle. This led to the final goal of the I-Five: promoting physical non-verbal compliments and encouragements between DDC in team sports. The I-Five is based on a reward system that gives DDC a reward in the form of a LED light when giving a non-verbal compliment or encouragement to another player using the I-Five. Initial test results show that the I-Five could promote non-verbal compliments and encouragements between DDC. However, the I-Five was tested on a small sample size and the type of exercise influenced the results of the final user test. Therefore, more research is needed to investigate the effectiveness of the last iteration of the I-Five, and other applications or designs of the I-Five.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:EEMCS: Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science
Programme:Interaction Technology MSc (60030)
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