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Each to their own or all together? : The state of EU Arctic defence policy

Itzen, Felix Klaus (2023) Each to their own or all together? : The state of EU Arctic defence policy.

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Abstract:The Arctic is an increasingly important region due to climate change. States are competing for control of new trade routes and resources. Russia, in particular, has increased its military presence in the Arctic since 2007. This paper answers the following question: To what extent does the EU act collectively in defence policy in the Arctic? I also answer the question of who is initiating this action and whether there is a specific trigger for starting to act. The hypotheses developed are that either states are the drivers of investment or co-operation with others, or that European Union institutions are the drivers of collective action. Official government documents, scientific studies and the media are used to col-lect data. The results show that it is mainly states that are acting. They are cooperating in various forms and organisations, and some are investing heavily in their own capabilities. Russia is increasingly iso-lated, and its activities in Ukraine since 2014 can be identified as the trigger. The European Union keeps trying to take the initiative, but its efforts are mostly unsuccessful or have limited success.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
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