University of Twente Student Theses


A Framework for the proposal of Bus Rapid Transit in the Netherlands

Wit, D. de (2023) A Framework for the proposal of Bus Rapid Transit in the Netherlands.

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Abstract:With an increasing population, travel demand also increases. It is impossible to keep widening roads and facilitate car travel. Therefore, alternatives are necessary. One alternative is increasing public transport coverage, frequency or capacity. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a relatively unknown form of public transport in the Netherlands., BRT could be the key to offer high-quality public transit whilst still being relatively affordable. BRT is a bus-based system that uses median aligned busways to increase reliability and travel speed, making it comparable to trams/metros whilst retaining the flexibility and lower cost of buses. In the Netherlands, it is not yet known between which places a BRT system could be implemented. The goal of this research is to set up a framework that determines where a Bus Rapid Transit system can be implemented in the Netherlands, with the required data. To determine the best corridors, two different approaches where used: one using a gravity model, and the second using an exponential decay function. The gravity model uses population quantity and a cost factor, whilst the exponential decay function uses job opportunities and a cost factor to establish the corridor rankings. To better rank the results, different criteria are used to assist in ranking the origin-destination pairs. For example, current travel time by train and the presence of a metro or tram on the link. The proposed approach automatizes the search of the most promising Origin-Destination (OD) pairs for BRT, as it uses data from all of the municipalities in the Netherlands. Once the top-ranked OD pairs are determined, a more detailed analysis of each case is performed, this requires a more fine-grained information gathering about each particular case including the acquisition of local knowledge. From this framework four routes resulted: Zoetermeer-Rotterdam, ‘s Gravenhage-Westland, Ridderkerk-Rotterdam, Veldhoven-Eindhoven and Utrecht-Vijfheerenlanden. The required data to operate the model, are the population count per municipality, the number of jobs available per municipality and the coordinates of the centre of each municipality. Using APIs and these coordinates, the travel time by car and public transport as well as the distance between them was determined.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:ET: Engineering Technology
Programme:Civil Engineering BSc (56952)
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