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The influence of the voter’s occupation on their voting behavior in the European Constitutional Treaty Referendum

Kuhn, Hannah (2018) The influence of the voter’s occupation on their voting behavior in the European Constitutional Treaty Referendum.

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Abstract:The European Constitutional Treaty (ECT) is the only treaty of the European Union that never entered into force, because of the rejection of the French and Dutch voters in a national referendum. By providing politicians with a possible factor that led to this result, measures can be taken in the future to prevent such an outcome. It is assumed, that the extent to which voter’s fear for the consequences of work migration and competition on the labor market, following the ECT, differs per occupation. Therefore, this paper tries to answer the question if the voter’s occupation influenced their voting behavior in Spain, France, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. As data source a Flash Eurobarometer survey is used, and the respondents are grouped into four occupation categories. Voters that seek a job and manual workers, are hypothesized to have voted against the ECT more often, than self-employed voters and employees (non-manual workers), who are hypothesized to have voted in favor of the ECT more often. Using the Chi-square test of homogeneity and Cramer’s V, the correlation and strength of the relationship is tested, as well as if the occupation influenced the voting behavior per country. It is found, that occupation had a small effect on the voting behavior in the ECT. Occupation influenced the voting behavior in the referendum in France, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, but did not influence the voting behavior in Spain.
Item Type:Essay (Bachelor)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:88 social and public administration, 89 political science
Programme:Management Society and Technology BSc (56654)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/75765
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