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Reducing Water Poverty in Coastal Bangladesh: Is Rainwater Harvesting a Sustainable Solution?

Islam, M.R. (2017) Reducing Water Poverty in Coastal Bangladesh: Is Rainwater Harvesting a Sustainable Solution?

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Abstract:The background of this research is water poverty that intensifies survival challenges of coastal people in Bangladesh. More and less precipitation during monsoon and dry season respectively due to climate change, climatic disasters, and salinity are three leading responsible actors for water poverty crisis. This crisis affects socioeconomic status of coastal people, agricultural production, and environment. The focal point of this research is to examine whether Rainwater Harvesting System (RHS1) a sustainable solution for reducing Water Poverty (WP)2 in coastal Bangladesh or not? To reach this objective, examine role of government, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs), see socioeconomic status of coastal people, social acceptability, availability of finance, and environmental sustainability of RHS. Socioeconomic, social and ecological system, and sustainability perspective have used as a conceptual framework in this study. Causes and effects of water poverty, alternatives for reducing water poverty, and sustainability of RHS used as analytical strategy. The primary data of this research derived from household survey, Focus Group Discussion (FGD), case study, and observation of coastal area’s people such as farmers, fishermen, fisherwomen, day laborers, and women. The primary data also collected from water governance expert. The secondary data gathered from different kind of books, journal article (published and unpublished), seminar presentation, newspaper, and other sources related to rain(water) management, rainwater harvesting, transboundary rivers, climate change effect, and sustainability issues. As per research design of this study, the exploratory strategy is more suitable than other methods to analyze the data and information. To advise solution, the relation between water poverty (created by climatic disasters, mismanagement of rainwater, and salinity problems) in coastal areas and alternatives for reducing it and sustainability of RHS analyzed. The role of government regarding finance, training, awareness campaign, and policy about rainwater harvesting needs to improve in utilizing rainwater for resolving water poverty in coastal Bangladesh. Better performance of government also needs to make RHS more sustainable in coastal areas in Bangladesh.
Item Type:Essay (Master)
Faculty:BMS: Behavioural, Management and Social Sciences
Subject:43 environmental science
Programme:Environmental and Energy Management MSc (69319)
Link to this item:http://purl.utwente.nl/essays/77503
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